The results of the April 2013 Labor Force Survey (LFS) revealed an employment rate of 92.5 percent. In the same month of the previous year, that is April 2012, the employment rate was estimated at 93.1 percent. The drop in the employment rate is due to the decline in employment in the agriculture sector, with the number of agricultural workers falling from an estimated 12.468 million in April 2012 to 11.844 million in April 2013, or by about 624 thousand workers.
The total number of employed persons in April 2013 is estimated at 37.819 million compared to 37.840 million in April 2012, or a decrease of around 21 thousand workers. While employment in the agriculture sector had dropped, employment in the industry sector and services sector grew by 3.8 percent or 224 thousand workers, and by 1.9 percent or 380 thousand workers, respectively, from April 2012 to April 2013.
Workers in the services sector remained the largest group of workers, making up more than half (52.6%) of the total employed. Workers in agriculture sector comprised the second largest group, accounting for 31.3 percent of the total employed. Workers in the industry sector made up 16.1 percent.
Among the workers in the services sector, those engaged in wholesale and retail trade or in the repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles made up the largest percentage. Such workers accounted for 34.6 percent of the total employed in the services sector in April 2013. In the industry sector, workers in the manufacturing subsector accounted for the largest percentage, making up 52.3 percent of the total workers in this subsector.
Among the various occupation groups, the laborers and unskilled workers comprised the biggest group making up one-third (32.6%) of the total employed persons in April 2013. Officials of the government and special interest organizations, corporate executives, managers, managing proprietors and supervisors were the second biggest group with 16.0 percent share. The farmers, forestry workers and fishermen made up the third largest occupation group accounting for 13.1 percent of the total employed.
There were two occupation groups that recorded a significant drop in size in April 2013. These were the farmers, forestry workers and fishermen whose number decreased to approximately 4.960 million in April 2013 from 5.398 million in April 2012, or a decrease of about 438 thousand workers; and the laborers and unskilled workers whose number dropped by approximately 384 thousand. By comparison, the number of wage workers, particularly those in the government and private establishments increased markedly. These are the officials in the government and special interest organizations, corporate executives, managers, managing proprietors, clerical workers, service workers and shop and market workers (Table 1).
Employed persons fall into any of these categories: wage and salary workers, self-employed workers without any paid employee, employers in own family-operated farm or business, and unpaid family workers. Wage and salary workers are those who work for private households, private establishments, government or government-controlled corporations, and those who work with pay in own family-operated farm or business. In April 2013, 57.5 percent of the total employed population were wage and salary workers. In April 2012, wage and salary workers made up 55.8 percent of the total employed. Among the wage and salary workers in April 2013, those who worked for private establishments comprised the largest percentage (44.3% of the total employed). Those working for the government or government-controlled corporations accounted for 8.1 percent of the total employed, and those working for private households, 4.8 percent.
In April 2013, self-employed workers without any paid employees accounted for 28.6 percent of the total employed, while the unpaid family workers comprised 10.9 percent. Employers in own family-operated farm or business made up only 3.0 percent. These three classes of workers dropped in number in April 2013. Among them, the unpaid workers in own family-operated farm or business had the largest drop of approximately 398 thousand workers, followed by the self-employed without any paid employee with a drop of about 143 thousand workers. By contrast, workers in private establishments increased by 530 thousand.
Employed persons are classified as either full-time workers or part-time workers. Full-time workers are those who work for 40 hours or more while part-time workers work for less than 40 hours.
Of the total employed persons in April 2013, 63.5 percent were working full time, while 34.7 percent were working part time. By comparison, in April 2012, full-time workers comprised 55.1 percent of the total employed, while part-time workers, 42.8 percent. The proportion of full-time workers, and also the mean hours worked per week had increased in all industry sectors. The workers in the services sector had the highest mean hours worked in the week prior to the survey (47.1 hours).
Employed persons who express the desire to have additional hours of work in their present job, or to have additional job, or to have a new job with longer working hours are considered under-employed. The number of under-employed persons in April 2013 was estimated at 7.252 million placing the under-employment rate at 19.2 percent. In April 2012, under-employment rate was recorded at 19.3 percent with the number of under-employed estimated at 7.312 million (Table 4).
The visibly under-employed persons or those working for less than 40 hours in April 2013 accounted for 53.8 percent of the total under-employed, which is lower than the percentage recorded in April 2012 (63.9%). Of the total under-employed in April 2013, 42.2 percent were working in the services sector and 40.9 percent were in the agriculture sector. The under-employed in the industry sector accounted for 16.9 percent (Table 4).
Among the regions, the National Capital Region (NCR) and CALABARZON had recorded an employment rate below 90.0 percent. In terms of under-employment, Region V, Region X and Caraga had rates of 30 percent or higher (Table 5).
The unemployment rate in April 2013 was estimated at 7.5 percent, which is higher than the estimate for April 2012 (6.9%). The NCR and CALABARZON posted rates of unemployment higher than 10.0 percent.
There were more males (61.4%) than females (38.6%) among the unemployed. The age group 15-24 made up 48.2 percent of the total unemployed, while the age group 25-34, 30.9 percent. By education, about one-fifth (21.3%) of the unemployed were college graduates, 14.6 percent were college undergraduates, and 31.7 percent were high school graduates.
Source: National Statistics Office
There are some people who look at the idea of having to buy a used car as some type of punishment. They believe that just because they are buying a used car they are somehow inferior to the new cars that are on the lot. The problem with this idea is that a lot of the used cars that are out there on the lot are better quality than the new cars that are sitting just 50 yards away. Fact is, a well-built used mid-sized car is going to outperform a newer compact each time it gets on the road. While not all used cars Scotland are going to be up to snuff, there are enough good ones that are easy to find that are going to last much longer than the new cars that they share the lot with.
The problem with viewing the purchase of a used car as some type of “demotion” is that it ignores the fact that you are being a smart consumer. If you have a set amount of Pounds that you want to spend on a car, it makes sense to look for the best option that you can find on the lot. If you can spend 10,000 Pounds on a superior used car compared to a by-the-number compact new car that makes you feel like you are a sardine in a tin when you drive it, well, it is worth it. Being a smart consumer is buying the car that makes sense for your particular needs, not buying a new car just because it is new. Scottish people love their cars, I know you do! So make sure you look in to all the different options available, whether you want a people carrier, a 4×4 or a dreamy sportscar, pick the car that is right for you, your family and your day to day activities.
Of course, with all of the used cars in Glasgow it makes sense that you are going to want tot ake some time to look around. Part of being a smart consumer is taking your time looking for the car that is perfect for your specific needs.
Help cut carbon footprints by recycling unwanted mobile phones. Yes, mobile phones can be recycled at the end of their life.
According to experts, mobile phones are considered hazardous wastes. Wrong disposal of mobile phones are potentially dangerous to human health as chemicals could leak into the ground and affect the water system.
How is it done?
The recyclers say all materials used to manufacture cell phones—metals, plastics and rechargeable batteries—can be used to make new products.
When the batteries can no longer be reused, they can be recycled to make other rechargeable battery products. In response to the ecological damage it could bring, companies have set up mobile phone recycling bins and they will in turn recycle the old phones or dispose them in an environmentally friendly way. Some even pay the phone owner.
In the United Kingdom and United States, mobile phone recycling is highly encouraged.
In Asia, particularly in the Philippines (dubbed as the ‘texting’ capital of the world), the practice is relatively new and not everyone is familiar with how it is done.
A recent study shows that seven out of 10 Filipinos own more than one mobile phone. With the rapid change in mobile technology also comes the habitual disposal of old model phones.
In 2011, several local telecoms providers have seen this as an opportunity to initiate a mobile phone recycling project with the aim of supporting a conservation effort.
The program aims to attract the public to donate old mobile phones by bringing them to cell phone recycling bins in participating malls. For every phone donated, the group will donate P100 to support the conservation efforts of Philippine tarsiers–considered the smallest primate in the world.
How many mobile phones are stuck in your drawer? To answer my own question, I have three: a black Motorola Razr that was inundated in 2009, a Sony Ericsson and a Nokia. I chose neither to donate nor throw them because all three possess sentimental value as they were gifts by loved ones.
Cruise holidays are synonymous with gourmet food, overindulgence and weight gain. On most liners you will find an endless supply of treats and goodies, ensuring you can get a fix 24 hours a day.
To limit the damage and thus enhance your enjoyment, there are things you can do to help prevent a large weight gain whilst on your next cruising holiday.
There are a number of options available for keeping fit whilst on your holiday, some of which are outlined below.
1. Take the stairs
There are lifts on ships, of course, but taking the stairs can save time when there’s a long queue and ensures your heart rate is raised and lowered on a frequent basis, helping your body to burn fat. Take the stairs when heading to the pool deck or to dinner and over the course of the trip you’ll feel the benefits.
2. Join a class
There are a number of activity classes available on a large number of cruise ships. These range from aerobics and Zumba to dance classes that teach line dancing, salsa and ballroom. Whichever activity floats your boat, embrace and enjoy it; in addition to releasing those feel-good endorphins, it should help to keep some of the pounds off.
Larger ships may have a jogging track or a deck that you can circumnavigate, giving keen walkers or runners a place to stretch their legs.
If you are not so good with the gym and don’t enjoy class workouts, get in the pool for a dip, but do ensure you do some swimming or power walking in the water rather than just paddling and soaking up the sunshine.
Many ships these days are equipped with all kinds of fun activities that double up as calorie burners. From climbing walls to snorkelling in the ocean, you are sure to find something to tickle your fancy.
Cruise ships are known for their extensive buffets and vast choices of fabulous restaurants that serve fine cuisine. Whilst you’re onholiday, you don’t want to deprive yourself, but you can prevent a huge weight gain by making a few sensible choices.
The most important meal of the day. Treat yourself to a pancake or cooked breakfast if you really want it, but not every day. Instead, try opting for fresh fruit, cereal, yoghurt and cold meats and fish with poached or boiled eggs. Look for high protein and avoid high fat.
The dessert tables are an incredible test of willpower. Maybe have one dessert a day, either at lunch or with your evening meal depending on how you feel. Perhaps you could even offer to split a pudding with your travelling companion.
3. Get it your way
Don’t be afraid to ask how something is cooked and ask for no oil or less butter. If a dish comes with a sauce or a salad with a dressing, ask for it to be served on the side so you can control how much you have.
More cruise companies are promoting healthy eating nowadays, so look for labelled items or ask a member of staff for any healthier choices.
Be mindful that alcohol consists of empty calories. A colourful cocktail can easily be 500+ kcals with no nutritional value. Opt for a clear liquor with diet mixer or a light beer.
You work hard for your holidays, so relax and enjoy your time; by following these tips, hopefully you can return home in relatively good shape.
This guest post has been written by http://www.cruise.co.uk/cruise-holidays/last-minute-cruises/
Many people associate Europe with having beautiful historic cities featuring art galleries, restaurants and fantastic culture. Even for thrill seekers there’s a city for you, however it has been said the top European cities have little for the little-ones to enjoy. For child-friendly excitement people say you have to go to America. In the past there was some truth in this notion, but today it is as outdated as a Morris Minor. Today Europe still holds all of the beauty of its culture and history, but with the construction of new theme parks in some of Europe’s top cities, there are exciting and fun ways for people of all ages to spend their time. There are many examples of this, but two stand out choices that shatter the idea that European Holidays aren’t child friendly.
Disneyland Paris was one of the first places that offered the fun and excitement of the American Dream in the beautiful settings of Europe. It beautifully combines the magic of Disney along with the beauty and history of Paris. If you want to visit Paris, but are worried there won’t be enough to hold your kid’s attention, consider a visit to Disneyland Paris. Disneyland Paris tickets are now available at great prices so you can enjoy the magical experience without breaking the bank or flying halfway around the world. Sites like GoSeeDo is a great place to start searching for them tickets.
Another example of family-friendly travelling within Europe is the Siam Water Park. Situated in the tropical settings of Tenerife, Siam Water Park offers the perfect escape from the Tenerife heat. This water park allows visitors and holidaymakers to enjoy the sun without feeling hot under the collar. Siam offers a number of exhilarating attractions such as the free fall ‘Tower of Power’ vertical drop slide which will leave you feeling excited and refreshed as you bask in the sunshine. Alternatively you could enjoy the ‘Mai Thai River’ which provides the ultimate in relaxation as you meander around the beautiful settings of the park. And of course there’s the kid-friendly ‘Sawasdee’. Whatever it is that you’re looking for Europe has two fantastic destinations in Disneyland Paris and the Siam Water Park, and now you can enjoy both without breaking the bank.